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|ïANSIPRA BULLETIN ï|
Arctic Network for the Support of the Indigenous Peoples of the Russian Arctic (ANSIPRA)
Сеть Арктических Организаций в Поддержку Коренных Народов Российского Севера
No. 4, July 2000 - English Language Edition
Secretariat: Norsk Polarinstitutt, Polarmiljøsenteret, N-9296 Tromsø E-mail: ANSIPRA@npolar.no
Norwegian Polar Institute, Polar Environmental Centre, Phone: +47 - 77 75 05 00
N-9296 Tromsø, Norway Fax: +47 - 77 75 05 01
Coordinator / Editor: Winfried K. Dallmann, Tromsø
Assistant Coordinator: Galina Diachkova (Дьячкова Галина), Moscow
Assistant Editor: Helle V. Goldman, Tromsø
ANSIPRA (formerly NNSIPRA) Bulletin is an information publication of the “Arctic Network for the Support of the Indigenous Peoples of the Russian Arctic”. The Bulletin is issued twice a year. Additional issues are produced as new information warrants it. The Bulletin is edited in English and Russian. ANSIPRA Bulletin is distributed to all registered network participants, as well as relevant state agencies and funding institutions. Distribution is free. All written contributions are appreciated.
ANSIPRA Bulletin is politically independent. A special part of the English language edition, however, presents translations of articles of the newsletter “Мир коренных народов” (Indigenous Peoples’ World), the official periodical of RAIPON (Russian Association of Indigenous Peoples of the North, Siberia and the Far East of the Russian Federation), selected in cooperation with RAIPON.
CONTENTS OF THIS EDITION:
From NNSIPRA to ANSIPRA. Letter from the Secretariat 3
10th Anniversary celebrations of RAIPON. Press release 4
Abolishment of Russian State Committee for Environmental Protection
Reprints of newspaper articles 5
Decree of the President of the Russian Federation 6
International Workshop on Key Problems of the Indig. Peoples of the Russian North: Conclusions and Recom. 7
Motion of the Danish Parliament on its "Strategy for Danish Support to Indigenous Peoples" 11
Project "Reindeer". A proposed marketing project by Stanislav Dorzhinkevich (Fund NIP) 12
We must realize ourselves for our future. A letter from Kamchatka by Nadezhda Marinenko 17
Declaration of the public organisations of the Kamchatka Oblast. Initiative against the construction of a pipeline 19
Doctors of the World: soon a decade of humanitarian action in Chukotka. Yvon Csonka (Univ. Neuchatel) 20
The Anadyr Society for Sobriety, ”Doverie” (“Trust”). Ivan Vukvukai, President of "Doverie" 20
Urgent Appeal for Assistance - Chukotka. World Council of Whalers 21
"Ilkėn" - Newspaper of the New Century. Editors of "Ilkėn" 22
What does the word "Ilkėn" mean? A.N. Myreeva (Russian Academy of Sciences) 22
Indigenous ethnic groups of the North, Siberia and the Far East of the Russian Federation 23
Part II: The southern zone: Urals to Primorskiy Kray
W.K. Dallmann (Norwegian Polar Institute) and G. Diachkova (Inst. of Ethnology and Anthropology, Moscow)
Book reviews 35
Contacts and addresses 39
From NNSIPRA to ANSIPRA
Letter from the Secretariat
The increasingly international contacts of our network have long tempted us to reflect this change in the network's name. Having achieved an agreement with RAIPON (Russian Association of Indigenous Peoples of the Russian North) to publish English translations of their newsletter “Mir Korennykh Narodov”, which will probably attract an even larger readership, we have finally decided to change our name from this point forward to ANSIPRA (Arctic Network for the Support of the Indigenous Peoples of the Russian Arctic), instead of NNSIPRA (Norwegian Network …).
We are still working at realizing an Internet homepage which has been delayed for financial reasons. It is hoped that this homepage will be reality in autumn.
“Mir Korennykh Narodov”
RAIPON has started to issue its own internal newsletter “Mir Korennykh Narodov” ("Indigenous Peoples' World"), financially supported by the Foreign Ministry of Norway through the Saami/Nordic support programme (managed by UNEP/GRID-Arendal). Two issues are already available, while the third one is on its way. The newsletter can be accessed on the Internet at www.raipon.org. ANSIPRA will publish selected articles of the newsletter in English translation in future editions of the bulletin.
Although the interest in our bulletin and other assistance is increasing, financial support has not been equally forthcoming. In 1998 and 1999, most NNSIPRA activities could be financed through the internal budget of the Norwegian Polar Institute (NP). In addition, the Ministry of the Environment (Division of Polar Affairs and Cooperation with Russia) gave means to buy a computer for our assistant coordinator in Russia.
The situation has changed in 2000, when NP has to struggle hard to maintain financing of a number of projects. Three applications to funding agencies failed. NP now only covers salaries and the production and copying of the bulletin. We are forced to ask kind people to make those translations for free that exceed the capacity of our staff, and to pay for our travel with our own money.
Thanks to the kindness of the managers of the Saami/Nordic support programme (see above), we will be able to launch our website and the translations of selections from “Mir Korennykh Narodov” during this year. These financial means are not at all secured from next year forward. We hope to get a more positive response on applications for next year's budget.
Winfried Dallmann - e-mail email@example.com
phone: (+47)-77750648/500 (Norwegian, English) fax: (+47)-77750501
Galina Diachkova - e-mail firstname.lastname@example.org
phone: (+7-095)-9385719/1871 (Russian, English)
Helle Goldman - e-mail email@example.com
phone: (+47)-77750618/500 (English)
10th Anniversary celebrations of Russian Association of Indigenous Peoples of the North
10th Anniversary celebrations of the Russian Association of Indigenous Peoples of the North (RAIPON) were held in Moscow on May 12-16, 2000, with over 250 indigenous participants from Russia and about 70 foreign guests.
The ceremonial events started with the anniversary plenary session “Past Decade – Basis for Development in 21st Century”, opened according to ancient traditions of northern peoples by the Chairman of RAIPON Elders’ Council – Mrs. Maya Ettyryntyna. The former USSR President Mikhail Gorbachev, the ambassadors and diplomats of Arctic countries, representatives of Russian Government and Parliament, UN agencies (UNEP, World Intellectual Property Organisation); Executive Secretaries of the Arctic Council Programs (AMAP, CAFF), representatives of international indigenous brother organisations (Inuit Circumpolar Conference, Saami Council, Aleut International Association) and Indigenous Peoples’ Secretariat, officially greeted and passed their congratulations to RAIPON.
The press-conference of RAIPON with the participation of President Mr. Sergey Kharyuchi, ex-presidents of RAIPON Mr.Vladimir Sangi and Mr. Yeremey Aypin, as well as the Chairman of RF State Committee for Northern Affairs Mr. Vladimir Goman, was held during the break in the plenary session. Journalists from leading Russian TV channels, radio stations, magazines and newspapers, as well as journalists from Arctic countries took part.
The following events were also held during the anniversary celebrations:
The decree of the President of the Russian Federation "On the Structure of the Federal Bodies of the Executive Authority", which contains among other measures the abolishment of the State Committee for Environmental Protection, has surprised many and may have a significant impact on indigenous peoples' issues in Russia. Please find below reprints of two newspaper articles which comment on the event. The text of the decree is reprinted on the subsequent page. -- The Editor
Putin Abolishes Russia's Lone Environmental Agency
Washington Post Foreign Service, May 23, 2000
MOSCOW, May 22 –– President Vladimir Putin has abolished Russia's lone agency for environmental protection, triggering protests that he has turned his back on post-Soviet Russia's bulging inventory of pollution disasters.
In a decree made public over the weekend, without elaboration, Putin wiped out the State Committee on the Environment, as well as the State Committee on Forestry. Their functions were transferred to the Ministry on Natural Resources, which licenses development of Russia's oil, natural gas and other deposits.
It was the latest signal that Putin takes a dim view of those who call attention to Russia's ecological plight. Earlier, Putin said that foreign spies use environmentalists as cover. Several leading Russian environmental activists and researchers have been targets of investigation by the security service.
Putin's decree abolishing the environmental agency was unexpected. "What can I say? We were really surprised," said Vladimir Kadochnikov, deputy chairman of the ecology committee in the State Duma, the lower house of parliament.
"It was demolished," said Alexei Yablokov, who was once environmental adviser to President Boris Yeltsin and is now a leading activist. Yablokov said the decision reflects a deep-seated philosophy in the Kremlin that the environment is not important. "It's an absolutely primitive point of view," he added, "that we need to solve the economic problems and later the environment, that ecology is only for a rich country."
Yablokov and several other scientists informally gave Putin a letter in protest today at the annual meeting of the Russian Academy of Sciences. "I will think about it," Putin replied, Yablokov recalled.
The abolished agency, once a ministry, was downgraded under Yeltsin. Yablokov said it had grown "extremely weak" in recent years.
Russia's environmental troubles, which have been increasingly well documented, include radioactive contamination from Soviet-era nuclear weapons plants and submarines; high levels of lead pollution from smelters; and a host of health disasters, such as the spread of tuberculosis.
Putin's decree, made public Saturday, trimmed five state agencies, four federal ministries and three federal services in what appeared to be a budget-cutting move.
Russian environment agency abolished
Putin's move to slim down government criticised by OECD, environmental groups
ENDS Daily, May 23, 2000
Russia's last remaining national environmental protection agency has been abolished by president Vladimir Putin as part of a wide-ranging governmental shake-up. The move has been deplored not only by NGOs, but also by officials of the Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD), which recently urged Russia to strengthen its federal environmental authorities.
Mr Putin formally took office earlier this month after winning March elections and announced his new government over the weekend. Changes include an overhaul of Russia's federal system and abolition of some five state agencies, four federal ministries and three federal services, among them the State Committeefor environmental protection (SCEP).
SCEP's demise marks a second major loss of status for Russian environmental policy-making in four years - it replaced the federal environment ministry when this was abolished in 1996. Its responsibilities are now to be taken over by the ministry of natural resources, whose main role is licensing of Russia's vast fossil fuel and mineral resources.
The committee's abolition has been criticised by environmental specialists in the OECD, which last year described Russian environmental policy-making as in crisis and called for the status and responsibilities of federal environmental authorities to be enhanced (ENDS Daily 10 December 1999).
It was a "short sighted" policy, Brendan Gillespie of the OECD's environment division told ENDS Daily today, because "all our experience" suggested that pushing for economic growth first while ignoring the environment would lead to greater costs in the long run. Mr Putin "appears to be falling into the trap," said Mr Gillespie. Russia needed effective environmental institutions so that restructuring and renewed economic growth could happen in an environmentally acceptable way, he commented.
Greenpeace Russia has also expressed dismay at the development, saying yesterday that it deprived the population of "a basic right" and left the country "defenceless against the armada of industrialists and businessmen who impudently rob the country of its natural resources". The group today organised a joint press conference with the former SCEP chairman to ram home its message.
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Адрес секретариата: Norsk Polarinstitutt, Polarmiljøsenteret, n-9296 Tromsø, Norway Эл почта: ansipra@npolar no
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