Arctic Network for the Support of the Indigenous Peoples of the Russian Arctic (ansipra) Сеть Арктических Организаций в Поддержку Коренных Народов Российского Севера




НазваниеArctic Network for the Support of the Indigenous Peoples of the Russian Arctic (ansipra) Сеть Арктических Организаций в Поддержку Коренных Народов Российского Севера
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ïANSIPRA BULLETIN ï

Arctic Network for the Support of the Indigenous Peoples of the Russian Arctic (ANSIPRA)

Сеть Арктических Организаций в Поддержку Коренных Народов Российского Севера


No. 4, July 2000 - English Language Edition





Secretariat: Norsk Polarinstitutt, Polarmiljøsenteret, N-9296 Tromsø E-mail: ANSIPRA@npolar.no

Norwegian Polar Institute, Polar Environmental Centre, Phone: +47 - 77 75 05 00

N-9296 Tromsø, Norway Fax: +47 - 77 75 05 01

Coordinator / Editor: Winfried K. Dallmann, Tromsø

Assistant Coordinator: Galina Diachkova (Дьячкова Галина), Moscow

Assistant Editor: Helle V. Goldman, Tromsø


ANSIPRA (formerly NNSIPRA) Bulletin is an information publication of the “Arctic Network for the Support of the Indigenous Peoples of the Russian Arctic”. The Bulletin is issued twice a year. Additional issues are produced as new information warrants it. The Bulletin is edited in English and Russian. ANSIPRA Bulletin is distributed to all registered network participants, as well as relevant state agencies and funding institutions. Distribution is free. All written contributions are appreciated.


ANSIPRA Bulletin is politically independent. A special part of the English language edition, however, presents translations of articles of the newsletter “Мир коренных народов” (Indigenous Peoples’ World), the official periodical of RAIPON (Russian Association of Indigenous Peoples of the North, Siberia and the Far East of the Russian Federation), selected in cooperation with RAIPON.







CONTENTS OF THIS EDITION:


From NNSIPRA to ANSIPRA. Letter from the Secretariat 3

10th Anniversary celebrations of RAIPON. Press release 4

Abolishment of Russian State Committee for Environmental Protection

Reprints of newspaper articles 5

Decree of the President of the Russian Federation 6

International Workshop on Key Problems of the Indig. Peoples of the Russian North: Conclusions and Recom. 7

Motion of the Danish Parliament on its "Strategy for Danish Support to Indigenous Peoples" 11

Project "Reindeer". A proposed marketing project by Stanislav Dorzhinkevich (Fund NIP) 12

We must realize ourselves for our future. A letter from Kamchatka by Nadezhda Marinenko 17

Declaration of the public organisations of the Kamchatka Oblast. Initiative against the construction of a pipeline 19

Doctors of the World: soon a decade of humanitarian action in Chukotka. Yvon Csonka (Univ. Neuchatel) 20

The Anadyr Society for Sobriety, ”Doverie” (“Trust”). Ivan Vukvukai, President of "Doverie" 20

Urgent Appeal for Assistance - Chukotka. World Council of Whalers 21

"Ilkėn" - Newspaper of the New Century. Editors of "Ilkėn" 22

What does the word "Ilkėn" mean? A.N. Myreeva (Russian Academy of Sciences) 22

Indigenous ethnic groups of the North, Siberia and the Far East of the Russian Federation 23

Part II: The southern zone: Urals to Primorskiy Kray

W.K. Dallmann (Norwegian Polar Institute) and G. Diachkova (Inst. of Ethnology and Anthropology, Moscow)

Notes 34

Book reviews 35

Meetings 37

Contacts and addresses 39


From NNSIPRA to ANSIPRA

Letter from the Secretariat


The increasingly international contacts of our network have long tempted us to reflect this change in the network's name. Having achieved an agreement with RAIPON (Russian Association of Indigenous Peoples of the Russian North) to publish English translations of their newsletter “Mir Korennykh Narodov”, which will probably attract an even larger readership, we have finally decided to change our name from this point forward to ANSIPRA (Arctic Network for the Support of the Indigenous Peoples of the Russian Arctic), instead of NNSIPRA (Norwegian Network …).

We are still working at realizing an Internet home­pa­ge which has been delayed for financial reasons. It is hoped that this homepage will be reality in autumn.

Mir Korennykh Narodov

RAIPON has started to issue its own internal news­letter “Mir Korennykh Narodov” ("Indi­ge­nous Peo­ples' World"), financially supported by the Foreign Ministry of Norway through the Saami/Nordic sup­port pro­gram­me (managed by UNEP/GRID-Arendal). Two issues are already available, while the third one is on its way. The newsletter can be accessed on the Internet at www.raipon.org. ANSIPRA will publish selected articles of the newsletter in English trans­lation in future editions of the bulletin.

Financing problems

Although the interest in our bulletin and other assist­ance is increasing, financial support has not been equally forthcoming. In 1998 and 1999, most NNSIPRA activi­ties could be financed through the internal budget of the Norwe­gian Polar Institute (NP). In addition, the Ministry of the Environment (Division of Polar Affairs and Co­ope­­ration with Russia) gave means to buy a computer for our assistant coordinator in Russia.

The situation has changed in 2000, when NP has to struggle hard to maintain financing of a number of projects. Three applications to funding agencies fail­ed. NP now only covers salaries and the production and copying of the bulletin. We are forced to ask kind people to make those translations for free that exceed the capacity of our staff, and to pay for our travel with our own money.

Thanks to the kindness of the managers of the Saa­mi/Nordic sup­port pro­gram­me (see above), we will be able to launch our website and the translations of selections from “Mir Korennykh Narodov” during this year. These finan­cial means are not at all secured from next year forward. We hope to get a more po­sitive response on appli­ca­tions for next year's budget.


Contact us

Winfried Dallmann - e-mail dallmann@npolar.no

phone: (+47)-77750648/500 (Norwegian, English) fax: (+47)-77750501

Galina Diachkova - e-mail galina@sever.iea.ras.ru

phone: (+7-095)-9385719/1871 (Russian, English)

Helle Goldman - e-mail goldman@npolar.no

phone: (+47)-77750618/500 (English)

fax: (+47)-77750501




10th Anniversary celebrations of Russian Association of Indigenous Peoples of the North


Press release


10th Anniversary celebrations of the Russian Association of Indigenous Peoples of the North (RAIPON) were held in Moscow on May 12-16, 2000, with over 250 indigenous participants from Rus­sia and about 70 foreign guests.

The ceremonial events started with the anniversary plenary session “Past Decade – Basis for Develop­ment in 21st Century”, opened according to ancient traditions of northern peoples by the Chairman of RAIPON Elders’ Council – Mrs. Maya Ettyryntyna. The former USSR President Mikhail Gorbachev, the am­bas­sadors and diplomats of Arctic countries, repre­sent­a­tives of Russian Government and Parliament, UN agencies (UNEP, World Intellectual Property Organisation); Executive Secretaries of the Arctic Coun­cil Programs (AMAP, CAFF), representatives of in­ter­national indigenous brother organisations (Inuit Circumpolar Conference, Saami Council, Aleut Inter­national Association) and Indigenous Peoples’ Secre­tariat, officially greeted and passed their congratu­lations to RAIPON.

The press-conference of RAIPON with the partici­pation of President Mr. Sergey Kharyuchi, ex-presi­dents of RAIPON Mr.Vladimir Sangi and Mr. Yere­mey Aypin, as well as the Chairman of RF State Committee for Northern Affairs Mr. Vladimir Goman, was held during the break in the plenary session. Journalists from leading Russian TV channels, radio stations, maga­zi­nes and newspapers, as well as jour­nalists from Arctic countries took part.

The following events were also held during the anniversary celebrations:

  • Seminar on “Indigenous Peoples and the Environ­ment in the Russian Arctic” (SIPERA III), orga­ni­sed by RAIPON with the support of Danish-Greenlandic Initiative, UNEP/GRID-Arendal and Indigenous Peoples’ Secretariat;

  • Second International Workshop “Priorities for So­lu­tion of the Key Problems of Indigenous Peoples of the North in Russia”, organised with the sup­port of International Arctic Science Committee and Russian Academy of Sciences;

  • Meeting of RAIPON leaders with research staff of the Institute of Ethnology and Anthropology of the Russian Academy of Sciences;

  • RAIPON Coordinating Council meeting, where four new non-governmental organisations of indi­ge­nous peo­ples of Khakassiya Republic and Altai Republic, Veps and Inuits peoples were elected new members of RAIPON;

  • Youth conference with the discussion of indige­nous youth problems;

  • PC and Internet courses for indigenous peoples from the regions;

  • Cultural festival “Sun of the North” with partici­pa­tion of folk ensembles, indigenous soloists and elders. Performances took place at the Con­fe­rence Hall of the Council of Federation and in the Central House of Cinema in Moscow. They were accompanied by exhibitions of the crafts and tra­di­tional decorative arts, paintings, carvings and photos.

The decree of the President of the Russian Federation "On the Structure of the Federal Bodies of the Executive Authority", which contains among other measures the abolishment of the State Committee for Environmental Protection, has surprised many and may have a significant impact on indigenous peoples' issues in Russia. Please find below reprints of two newspaper articles which comment on the event. The text of the decree is reprinted on the subsequent page. -- The Editor



Putin Abolishes Russia's Lone Environ­men­tal Agency


Washington Post Foreign Service, May 23, 2000


MOSCOW, May 22 –– President Vladimir Putin has abo­lished Russia's lone agency for environmental pro­tect­ion, triggering protests that he has turned his back on post-Soviet Russia's bulging inventory of pollution dis­ast­ers.

In a decree made public over the weekend, without elabo­ration, Putin wiped out the State Committee on the Environment, as well as the State Committee on Forest­ry. Their functions were transferred to the Mini­stry on Natural Resources, which licenses develop­ment of Russia's oil, natural gas and other deposits.

It was the latest signal that Putin takes a dim view of those who call attention to Russia's ecological plight. Earlier, Putin said that foreign spies use en­vi­ron­menta­lists as cover. Several leading Russian envi­ron­mental activists and researchers have been targets of investi­gation by the security service.

Putin's decree abolishing the environmental agen­cy was unexpected. "What can I say? We were really sur­prised," said Vladimir Kadochnikov, deputy chair­man of the ecology committee in the State Duma, the lower house of parliament.

"It was demolished," said Alexei Yablokov, who was once environmental adviser to President Boris Yeltsin and is now a leading activist. Yablokov said the decision reflects a deep-seated philosophy in the Kremlin that the environment is not important. "It's an absolutely primi­tive point of view," he added, "that we need to solve the economic problems and later the environment, that eco­lo­gy is only for a rich country."

Yablokov and several other scientists informally gave Putin a letter in protest today at the annual mee­ting of the Russian Academy of Sciences. "I will think about it," Putin replied, Yablokov recalled.

The abolished agency, once a ministry, was down­gra­ded under Yeltsin. Yablokov said it had grown "extre­me­ly weak" in recent years.

Russia's environmental troubles, which have been increasingly well documented, include radioactive con­ta­mi­nation from Soviet-era nuclear weapons plants and submarines; high levels of lead pollution from smelters; and a host of health disasters, such as the spread of tuberculosis.

Putin's decree, made public Saturday, trimmed five state agencies, four federal ministries and three fe­de­ral services in what appeared to be a budget-cut­ting move.

Russian environment agency abolished


Putin's move to slim down government criticised by OECD, environmental groups


ENDS Daily, May 23, 2000


Russia's last remaining national environmental pro­tection agency has been abolished by president Vladi­mir Putin as part of a wide-ranging governmental shake-up. The move has been deplored not only by NGOs, but also by officials of the Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD), which recently urged Russia to strengthen its federal environmental authorities.

Mr Putin formally took office earlier this month after winning March elections and announced his new govern­ment over the weekend. Changes include an over­haul of Russia's federal system and abolition of some five state agencies, four federal ministries and three federal ser­vices, among them the State Committeefor environ­mental protection (SCEP).

SCEP's demise marks a second major loss of status for Russian environmental policy-making in four years - it replaced the federal environment mini­stry when this was abolished in 1996. Its responsi­bi­li­ties are now to be taken over by the ministry of natu­ral resources, whose main role is licensing of Russia's vast fossil fuel and mineral resources.

The committee's abolition has been criticised by en­vironmental specialists in the OECD, which last year described Russian environmental policy-making as in crisis and called for the status and responsibili­ties of federal environmental authorities to be enhan­ced (ENDS Daily 10 December 1999).

It was a "short sighted" policy, Brendan Gillespie of the OECD's environment division told ENDS Daily to­day, because "all our experience" suggested that push­ing for economic growth first while ignoring the environ­ment would lead to greater costs in the long run. Mr Putin "appears to be falling into the trap," said Mr Gille­spie. Russia needed effective environ­ment­al institutions so that restructuring and renewed econo­mic growth could happen in an environmentally ac­cept­able way, he com­mented.

Greenpeace Russia has also expressed dismay at the development, saying yesterday that it deprived the population of "a basic right" and left the country "de­fen­celess against the armada of industrialists and business­men who impudently rob the country of its natural resources". The group today organised a joint press conference with the former SCEP chairman to ram home its message.
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